The Arts & Craft Movement

In 1850-1900 the Arts and Craft Movement was a reaction against the poor quality of design during the industrial revolution. Members of the Movement, including William Morris and John Ruskin, believed that traditional skills got destroyed and had removed  the pride that a craftsman could find in his work, by the growth of industry. Based on the medieval examples, the members of the Arts and Craft Movement formed themselves into craft guilds (Century Guild, Guild of Saint George, the Arts Workers Guild and the Guild of Handicraft) in order to provide a supportive working environment and encourage high standards of design. The Arts and Craft Movement raised the status of design in art education and established it as an essential element in the manufacturing process.

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