Final Outcome & Evaluation

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Finishing this project I can say that this whole work development I have experienced was such a development for myself. Knowing that I didn’t spend much time on traditional techniques before, gave me the inspiration to try something new and widen my horizon. I feel like most designs these days are really unique because of their combination of traditional techniques and creative media. Throughout the work process I think the tasks have changed, or more the theme of this project. It was planned to be in vintage, but after some research it was clear, that it makes more sense building it around the Arts and Craft Movement, since its based on bringing back traditional techniques, which I was trying as well. I believe during this project I found my strength in creating pattern in different ways. I was enjoying trying out new techniques and was always amazed with the outcome and its unique style. But I suppose my weakness was this time I really had to hold my self back while creating the Notebook. I always wanted to add something to it, which I understood later, wouldn’t work and would take the focus off the pattern. If I did this assignment again, I guess the only change I would make is to organize more materials and try out some more things, and if I had more time I probably would have created a notebook itself, just to present the design in live version. I must admit I am really happy with my work and the outcomes and I did meet the deadlines as well. If I would have the chance to do this assignment again, I would definitely do it. I guess this pattern area falls into an area I really enjoyed.



Development and Outcome

Throughout this project I have spent a lot of time creating patterns using traditional techniques. I have chosen out of all the outcomes some of which appeared more unique and fancy than the others.

To develop them further into final pieces I manipulated them via Photoshop and added some adjustments. I changed the brightness/contrast, made most of them darker and made them vivid saturated, while I decided that others would look better in black/white. I also used the level-adjustment to control the brightness as well as darkness even more. To manipulate the colours, the Hue/Saturation and Colour Balance tool was quite helpful, since it gave me the option to have it in colours I really wanted.

The final pattern I created are mostly bright, but quite intense. All in all they are quite lively and vibrant. They include different kind of lines, some have really precise wandering lines, others are more blended. It really depended on materials I have used. It represents a really changing and transitioning value, which makes this work seem more exciting.

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I feel like these outcomes are creating a spiritual and inspired mood as well as  relaxing and joyous atmosphere. My attention is especially drawn to the beautiful pattern, created by wandering and elegant lines in addition to the uneven and unique texture. To keep the viewer’s eye moving I chose to colour the book band and book mark in quite bright and highly contrasted colours. I have done this especially with the notebooks looking more neutral then the others, which now seem like a little eye-catcher.

These outcomes are in my opinion a success, mainly for the reason that the pattern just creates a visual unity itself and doesn’t need much additionally to stand out. Focus is on the beautiful design and I felt like If I were to put something else on the cover it would ruin it.

Traditional techniques

Concentrating on the Arts and Craft Movement, especially on their point of bringing traditional techniques back, I started my research on Pinterest, looking for some inspirations. I already knew, what kind of style I wanted, so these techniques are the ones appealing the most to me.

This technique creates a beautiful and easy pattern. It was done by just swiping a soppy sponge on a shiny and flat surface. To keep the pattern the artist took an image instead of a scan and manipulated it on creative media. It creates an uneven but still controlled design.

There are ideas that are so easy that you wouldn’t think of them. This work is done by using a brush and paint. It is more a purposely created pattern, since you’d lead the brush. It has a really nice texture, combined with the elegant sweepy and wandering lines. It looks like this is a scan of the piece and I believe if this person would have taken a picture of it, more of the uneven, but shiny dried paint texture would be there to see.

While researching I really liked this technique and its effect on an actual notebook. It was done by splashing black ink on white paper. It looks like there were different ways of splashing it on due to the diverse kinds of pattern. The little splashes create a design in themselves which looks awesome. The work itself looks like a combination of precise and uneven procedures and just looks clean.

This technique is one of my favourites, just because of the brilliant outcome. First of all the artist prepared herself with a tray of water in which she sprayed different colours in. It will create different effects if you are spraying from close by than from further away. But the spray paint already spreads out and creates a beautiful pattern. To get this on paper she just prints in on by laying the paper on top and taking it out to dry.


Traditional experiments

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While researching diverse traditional techniques, I came a cross the marbelling process, which is quite easy but has a unique and beautiful effect. I have been trying to use this process as well, which I think was really successful.

First of all I filled a tray with water, in which I was dropped some marbelling ink. I decided to use quite bright and colourful ones. Using a comb-like tool I spread out the colour to create some additional pattern. To get the pattern on paper there a few ways. One of them was to just put the paper gentle on the water, making sure the bottom side of the paper is fully pushed on the colour and lift it up again. The other one gets another effect which you achieve through pulling the paper through the paint. After using the tray with marbelling ink once, I used it again to get a lighter but more intense pattern.

To go a step further I also tried to get some prints on fabric. Recording to this I didn’t use fabric ink, I continued using the normal marbelling ink. The outcomes had a more blurry effect, but more intense pattern due the fact of pattern shining through.

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I also found a way to get a cheaper version of the marbelling effect. I spread out some foam and dribbled some food colouring ink in it. To create a pattern I used a thin stick and just stirred around a bit. I pressed a piece of paper on it and scraped all the foam away and what was left was a beautiful pattern.


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Concentrating on traditional techniques, I tried some ways out to create simple but effective pattern. For the process above I have been splashing some ink on paper and squeezed another paper on top to get all the left over ink away. What was left were nicely patterned ink splashes.

To create this pattern I filled a tray half full with water and put some washing up liquid in and stirred it. I chose colours I’d like to have and poured some ink in the tray. Then I’ve been blowing bubbles through a straw into the tray. After having a lot of ink bubbles coming out the tray I gently pressed a piece of paper on it (do not touch water!) and left in to dry after. To get more colours on one piece of paper, just change the water in the tray and repeat with one of the dried pieces you have used before.




The Arts & Craft Movement

In 1850-1900 the Arts and Craft Movement was a reaction against the poor quality of design during the industrial revolution. Members of the Movement, including William Morris and John Ruskin, believed that traditional skills got destroyed and had removed  the pride that a craftsman could find in his work, by the growth of industry. Based on the medieval examples, the members of the Arts and Craft Movement formed themselves into craft guilds (Century Guild, Guild of Saint George, the Arts Workers Guild and the Guild of Handicraft) in order to provide a supportive working environment and encourage high standards of design. The Arts and Craft Movement raised the status of design in art education and established it as an essential element in the manufacturing process.

Jack Vanzet

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A real colour explosion. Looking at Jack Vanzet’s inspiring work, you can tell he has found his style. His different pieces show a variety of colourful acts and different visual impacts. In some of his work a calming and relaxing atmosphere is represented, while others seem to be more confusing. Through all the colours he uses, for example pale and sumptuous or intense and vibrant, he always represents a spiritual atmosphere through all his work. He has created sweeping lines and create hazy veils, giving his work a light atmosphere. Looking at his abstract psychedelic visuals, my attention is drawn to the texture and structure he has set up within his work. His outcomes seem to be too smooth and clear, it is hard to imagine it’s done just by using colour. It appears to be realistically done. His work is well blended and changes quickly. Every brush stroke creates a different pattern, creating colours like fountains and whirling sweeping lines. These different patterns in addition to the use of abstract colours create a visual movement and keep the viewer’s eye moving.

In his work I think the use of abstract colours in addition to the brushstrokes texture work well within his work. I think it’s representing the satisfying feeling you get when you mix colours. It is beautiful but also original and unique due to the fact that you can never get one and the same outcome through colour mixture. Some of his pieces appear to be three-dimensional, which just appear like that through whirling brushstrokes, which I think is amazing. It looks like he took a photograph of others to keep their natural texture and shadows.

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William Morris

Connected to the British Arts and Craft Movement, William Morris was a major contributor to the revival of traditional british textile arts and methods of production. He was an artist, designer, printer, typographer, bookbinder, craftsman, poet, writer and champion of socialist ideals, but best known for pattern designs, in particular on fabrics and wallpapers. Back in the 18-hundreds he had a vision of linking art to industry by using the values of fine art in the production of commercial art. This was a vital step in the evolution of design as we know it today.

William Morris has created artworks representing patterns from nature, which we know from carpet designs today. Creating these on different materials, it always shows a diverse texture within his work. Some of them are clearly made on a smooth surface, while others more on a rough one, e.g. wallpaper. He has used bright colours, like the high contrasted blue in the middle image above, but still includes a lot of faded and dull colours, which makes his work seem quite cool and neutral, colour wise. His drawings are done by the use of precise and intentional lines to create the wanted image and set the focus on the colours and motives. Due the use of different colours within his work, it represents a diverse variety of visual impacts. It has a calming, reflective and stimulating impact on the viewer.

Most noticeable about his work is in my opinion, that it has little elements included to make it look unfinished but still maintains a finished outcome. You can see that some parts of his work are purposely not finished and just show the outlines. I think the idea of just leaving parts out is remarkable, since we sometimes use that technique within our work today, with the only difference that it is more used on creative media. Also I like the use and combination of dull and vibrant colours, which has the effect of having the focus on the wanted piece and keeps the viewer’s eye moving.




John Ruskin

John Ruskin (1819-1900) was an art patron, watercolour artist, prominent social thinker and philanthropist as well as the leading English art critic of the Victorian era and a member of the Arts and Craft Movement.  He was also known for his detailed sketches and paintings of nature, architectural structures and ornamentations. From the final half of the 19th century up to the First World War, John Ruskin was highly influential. After a period of relative decline, his reputation has steadily improved since the 1960s with the publication of numerous academic studies of his work. Today, his ideas and concerns are widely recognised as having anticipated interest in environmentalism, sustainability and craft.

Most of his paintings are realistic and done with watercolour, like these above. He used quite bright, but neutral colours to create a realistic atmosphere coming from a dream. John Ruskin has finished these pieces really precisely and well blended in the right positions. All lines seem to be planned and intentional and show a texture done with irregular and blended lines as well as the use of darker shades and little highlights creating an obvious drawing. When you look at his pieces, you definitely know what he meant to do.  I feel like his pieces overall are representing a reflective, philosophical but calming atmosphere. It shows quite places, or even quietness itself, what would keep you thinking and staring. Looking at the pieces, my attention is drawn to the diverse colours and techniques he has been using within his work. It creates a visual movement due its many little details and its perfection.


Eve Warren

Eve Warren’s designs represent mostly pale and neutral coloured packaging. Using a combination of warm and cold colours within her work in addition to geometric lines, it seems to be purposely designed in content modern. As a result of using colours like this, it has a calming and peaceful visual impact. She uses a variety of strokes, which are long/short, random, curving and elegant to create an edgy pattern. Her work appears to be precise and light, supported by a smooth and clear texture and a roomy proportion of shapes. All in all the layout of her work seems to be straight forward and a combination of unintentional and intentional shapes, which create a piece as a whole. Additional to the pattern design, she manipulates the typeface to make it fit into her work, this includes using shapes and pattern within her font and removing bits.

I think her designs are creatively done, by using easy schemes and procedures which make it look like a piece you would buy. It attracts attention, because it is different to other designs, and represents a diverse style such as you would see in shops. It includes a lot of empty space which benefits the design, and has the effect that it doesn’t distract from the design and doesn’t seem claustrophobic. She created a beautiful layout, with many small details, which keeps the viewers eye moving.



Inspiring Stationary Notebooks



I went for a one-day-trip to Manchester and collected some ephemera with regard to my project. Going through shops I  realised that many stationery sets include patterns done by combining traditional techniques with creative media. They presented a variety of different pattern, different and mostly bright colours.  people seem to pay more money especially for products with this design according to the tags and how many were left. I personally liked the marbelling ones the best and think they stand out the most due to their special and unfakeable pattern and the way the colours are manipulated. It seems that it is quite a trend itself now people buy more creative and colourful things that their eyes appreciate.